I went through your piece and was moved to tears to
learn about tolerance in older democracies, among others. We are glad we have great minds like you as a mentor. Please keep
it up sir. - Yemi Adebisi
I believe you flattered Nigeria and Nigerians in trying to compare Nigeria with South Africa (SA). As a sports tourist to
SA a few years ago, I came back to Nigeria with the sad reality that the two countries are nowhere at par. Certainly, not
in sports and not in tourism. It will take us another fifty or more years to be where SA is today. - Prof. Michael
I just read your article and I must say
I really enjoyed it. I hope you are finding the National Development Plan (of South Africa) interesting. We are presently
working on a National Spatial Development Framework which would guide development at the national level by trying to achieve
the goals of the National Development Plan. We also have some other interesting policies, plans and programmes which Nigeria
can learn from. Hopefully I could get the opportunity to use what I have learnt here back home. Kind Regards. - Adefemi
Thank you very much for sharing the link of
your article. It was very interesting to read the comparison between the two countries. - Tayo Adegeye
Mr and Mrs Adegeye,
Thank you very much for your compliments and the informative comments.
May I know what 'spatial development' means and what it is intended to achieve please?
With warm regards- Dr. Bukar Usman - September 11, 2016
Good Afternoon Sir,
have tried to answer your question below:
and Spatial Development Framework
can simply be put as the way in which our cities and towns develop physically or the way in which we want them to be developed.
A spatial development framework is a long term plan that guides a city's
growth and development. The plan indicates which areas will be developed in the nearest future and the type of development
that would take place in this area. The aim of spatial development framework is to foster growth and development as well as
promote employment and inclusivity.
According to the City of
Tshwane (2012: 34), "the purpose of the municipal spatial development framework (MSDF) is to provide a spatial representation
of the vision of the city as a tool to bring together all areas of spatial planning such as planning of roads, service infrastructure,
land use planning, open spaces, building infrastructures and movement patterns both vehicular and pedestrian. The MSDF also
serves as a guide in the decision making processes of the municipality with regards to spatial development. The overall aim
of the MSDF is to achieve the city's vision by achieving certain goals which are:
- Addressing social need
Restructuring of a spatially inefficient City
- Promotion of sustainable
use of land resources
- Strategic direction around infrastructure
- Creating opportunities for both rural and urban areas
- Guiding developers and investors as to appropriate investment
- Rural management programmes to improve livelihoods
and stimulate employment
Three levels of Spatial Development Frameworks
There are three levels of government in South Africa and each of them by legislation
is required to develop spatial development frameworks.
government would prepare a National Spatial Development Framework (NSDF)
Provincial government would prepare a Provincial Spatial Development Framework (PSDF).
Tshwane or Pretoria which is a Municipality (Local Government) would prepare a Municipal Spatial
Development Framework (MSDF).
These spatial development frameworks
are guided by policy documents and plans. For instance, the Municipal Spatial Development Framework is guided by the integrated
development plan of a municipality. (I will discuss this, the integrated development plan briefly below).
The National Spatial Development Framework is guided by the
National Development Plan and other national policies and the Provincial Spatial Development Framework is guided by the Provincial
Growth and Development Strategy of a province.
of these plans involves a lot of consultation and participation with stakeholders, community members and government officials
from the three tiers of government. Each of these plans highlights what the government at each level wants to achieve in terms
of development, service delivery and job creation.
is an Integrated development plan?
The Municipal Systems
Act (MSA, 2000) requires a municipality after consultation with relevant stakeholders and affected communities to develop
a long-term plan for the municipality, which must put into consideration provincial and national sector plans. The Integrated
Development Plan (IDP) outlines key programmes, priorities and projects for a 5-year Mayoral term which are represented spatially
in the Spatial Development Framework of the municipality.
Planning and Land Use Management Act (SPLUMA)
I have attached
the act which was drafted by the office I worked. Uncle Sunday was leading the project for 11 years and left after the completion
to pursue a career as an Advocate. In Chapter 4, page 21 you can see more on spatial development frameworks.
These are ideas that we can use to develop Nigerian cities, make them orderly, foster growth and employment. But
one would need serious political support in terms of developing legislation and policies that would force local and state
government to develop plans of what they want to do during their tenure with adequate consultation with community members.
Sorry for bombarding you with all my planning jargons, I hope you find it a
little bit interesting. Thank you - Kind Regards. - Adefemi Adegeye
Your Excellency Sir,
Change starts with you...
Change was your idea not ours.
Change was your manifesto, we do not have a manifesto
Change was your mantra, not ours
Change was your magic word
Change starts with you.
We did not vote us
We voted you into power because we bought into your Change mantra.
Change you sold.
And Change we want.
Change we can touch, Change
we can feel, Change we can relate with, and Change that has a human face. And we want it from you.
Show the light, we will find the way.
In 1937, when the Great Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe (Owelle Osowanya Onitsha) launched the West African Pilot newspaper,
he chose a very special motto for it.
"Show the light and
the people will find the way."
Zik knew leadership is everything.
The very idea that 'Change' starts with the led and not the leadership
can be best described as an abdication of responsibility by the leadership.
That was the utopia Karl Marx preached, but as he also found out, it took the intervention of the ruling class in
the person of Frederick Engels for his ideas to be heard.
is no known historical precedent where the people led the change paradigm without the leadership.
I have ruminated through my books on political and economic history. There is no known reference.
The closest was the French Revolution of 1789, and if you take a closer look,
it was not even started by the Proletarian class. Danton and Robespierre were not ''the masses''.
dramatic, and drastic change witnessed from the 19th to 20th century across the globe has been top down.
Nnamdi Azikiwe studied it quite well in his Renascent Africa, and came to the conclusion
that "Show the Light, and the people will find the way"...
Mao failed woefully in China because he believed change could come from the people. That was why he launched the Cultural
But it took Deng Xiaoping to show that leadership
is everything when he manipulated the ''unseen finger'' that has pulled over 600 million out of poverty in
the last 30 years. That is leadership!
Cuba withstood the world's
blockade, suffered all sorts of indignities, yet gave their people one of the best education and health care services in the
world. It took the leadership of Fidel Castro....
knew this quite well when he set out the policies that encouraged the Chaebols in South Korea. You can describe him as a dictator,
but he laid the foundation for the take off of a prosperous Korea. Today, I am writing this with a Samsung mobile device,
thanks to the foresight of General Park, whose daughter incidentally is the present President of South Korea.
Lee Kuan Yew is an evident testimony that change can only be effectively and
efficiently launched top down. He enumerated everything succinctly in his well received book, From the Third World, to
the First World. Singapore today is a living testimony to that.
Mohammad pointed out that principles can be replicated. He learnt from what happened in neighbouring Singapore, and helped
steer Malaysia in same pathway.
Can we take a look at what leadership
caused in Chile; that is today well referenced as the Chile Miracle? The bringing in of the Chicago Boys who helped drew the
economic blue print that led to the emergence of the first rich society in South America? This too is a well documented case
What of Dubai?
Was it the poor people of Dubai that caused the change or the Sheikh who pursued his dreams in spite of contrary
views from 'knowledgeable folks'....today, the Dubai experience has been duplicated in Qatar, Oman, Bahrain etc etc...and
in each case, it took leadership.
Brazil already has an economic
growth template initiated by President Cardoso while he was the Minister of Finance. But it took Lula Da Silva to take Brazil
to global prominence...
Now let us come home to Africa.
Botswana has always been described as an oasis in the midst of poor leadership,
mismanagement and chaos. Was it the Botswana people that engineered the change process or the leadership of Ketumile Masire
who followed in the footsteps of the first President of the country Sir Seretse Khama. He mentored Festus Magae, reputed as
Africa's incorruptible leader. Is Botswana today not regarded as Africa's most stable country, with the continent's
longest continuous multi-party democracy? It is relatively free of corruption and has a good human rights record.
Look at Rwanda....
20 years ago, it was the most destroyed nation in the world. Go there today. It is a model. Walk through the streets of Kigali,
it is the neatest city in Africa. Even Rwandans don't even walk around dressing haggardly. Interact with them to check
out their level of patriotism. Check out their growth rate and how today they are the most respected African country at international
Look at Ethiopia, hitherto known for poverty
and hunger...today it is the driving force in the Africa rising story. They are building a massive 8000 km railways criss-crossing
the entire country. Their airline is the most profitable state run airline in the world, and the rate of infrastructure development
is second to none in sub Saharan Africa.
I can go on and on....
I can also go into Europe and give examples where just one man or woman came
up with an idea, sold it to everyone, and ensured everyone is part of it.
Even democratic Germany survived the economic crises of the last decade because of the leadership of Angela Merkel.
In the United States, and at different times in their history, we have seen
the emergence of someone who took the bull by the horns, and steered the nation from economic doldrums to prosperity.
It started with Thomas Jefferson.
Then we had Abraham Lincoln
Delano Roosevelt whose astute leadership ensured Americans elected him four times as President even when he was bedridden.
We had John F. Kennedy, whose dream was to put a man in the Moon.
We also had Ronald Reagan
Bill Clinton, and of course Barack
These leaders stood out.
In the UK, we had men like Winston Churchill whose words, just words boosted
hope in time of despair, and whose wisdom helped save an entire continent.
In France, we had men like Charles de Gaulle. He was France, France was him.
He was affectionately described by the French as "Celui qui dit non"
Your Excellency Sir, show the light, and the people will find the way!
LEADERSHIP IS EVERYTHING - Emmanuel E. Awure
Thank you for sharing the 'glimpses' of South Africa (SA) with us,
Sir. SA is apparently more physically developed while we outshine them socially. - Mikailu Ibrahim
Wow! The historical paradigm is truly ingrained. Great, thought-provoking
and skillful report. It is time to restructure. University of South Africa has a student population that is higher than the
population of students in Nigerian universities put together. Azania (South Africa) cannot be compared with Nigeria. - Prof.
This is a very good piece. It suggests
that you visited South Africa as an intellectual not only as a tourist. The simple answer to your poser in the last
paragraph is South Africa. You have said it all except that there was no comparison of how many "parasitic"
billionaires are there in both countries and how many private jets did you count at both Nnamdi Azikiwe and Oliver Tambo international
airports. Ditto the Development Plan. Food for thought! Kind regards. - Prof. AY. Shehu
...One more thing sir, I won't end this short mail without acknowledging
that your piece on Glimpses of South Africa made an interesting read. I frankly enjoyed it. It was as tantalizing as a tuwon
sallah meal. Kudos, sir. Best regards. - Khalid lmam
Thanks, Dr. Usman, for the piece. I really enjoyed reading it. It was an excellent comparison of Nigeria and South
Africa. Bravo! - Prof. Segun Adekoya
for sharing. The similarities are quite striking. I have thought so.
regards. - Prof. Gidado Tahir